Laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed through small incisions (0.5 – 1.5 cm). This surgery is named after the laparoscope, a tool that has a high definition video camera and light at the end which is inserted through the small incision to view the affected organs. Through this laparoscope a video is relayed on the monitor which enables the surgeon to view. In case of a surgery, few more incisions may be made and required instruments are inserted to perform the surgery. These instruments are sleek and slender and hence do not require a larger incision. And smaller incisions mean faster recovery!
Laparoscopic surgery was initially used for gallbladder surgery and gynecological surgeries but now it has expanded to play a major role in surgeries related to abdomen and intestine areas. It also has a key role in infertility treatments.
Where is laparoscopy applicable in Gynecology?
As a diagnostic tool laparoscopy can be used to treat-
Ovarian cyst or tumors
Tubal abscess or adhesions
As a therapeutic tool it can be used to treat the following organs in the mentioned ways
Ovarian drilling for PCOD to boost fertility
Ovarian cystectomy for removal of cysts in the ovary
Cauterisation for endometriosis treatment
Myomectomy for removal of fibroids without affecting the healthy tissue of the uterus
Hysterectomy for removal of the uterus
For treating a tubal abscess and ectopic tubal pregnancy
Tubal sterilisation (Family planning)
What are the advantages?
Compared to a traditional surgery, laparoscopic surgery goes a long way its advantages and is usually the advised type of surgery.
It minimises the number of incisions needed
Reduces blood loss when compared to open surgery
Early mobilisation and faster recovery
Shorter stay at the hospital. This also means reducing hospitalisation bills.
How soon can a patient resume regular activities after laparoscopy?
For minor procedures under diagnostic laparoscopy and infertility, you can resume to work in 1-2 days. But in case of a major surgery like Hysterectomy, 2-7 days of rest is recommended. It is also advised to avoid intercourse, douching, strenuous exercise or lifting body weights for 4 weeks.
What is the role of laparoscopy in unexplained infertility cases?
Many times when the cause of infertility cannot be ascertained a diagnostic laparoscopy can evaluate the uterine cavity, tubes and ovaries and correct them if needed. This increases the success rate by 20-30%.
Can emergency surgeries be performed under laparoscopy?
Gynec emergency surgeries like ruptured ectopic pregnancy, twisted/torsion of ovarian cyst or a ruptured ovarian cyst can be performed laparoscopically but this majorly depends on the surgical experience and expertise of the performing surgeon.
What is the type of anaesthesia administered?
General anaesthesia is usually administered for most of the gynecological surgeries.
At the Birthplace, we are equipped with the best laparoscopic equipments along with the most experienced Laparoscopic surgeon, Dr. Girija Lakshmi who is trained to perform all kinds of gynec laparoscopic surgeries. She has also helped a lot of women with infertility issues to conceive through diagnostic laparoscopy and treatments.
Come visit the Birthplace today!